The Naqab Region
worn by the Bedouins
in the Naqab desert are similar in shape to those in other villages. Bedouin
dresses are A-shaped roomy, with pointed sleeves called
irdan. The fabric of early Bedouin dresses were made of blue cotton that was
later replaced with black cotton fabric called (tubayt),
similar to that worn by Galilee Bedouins.
In the early twentieth century, Bedouin
dresses had little or no embroidery, but, with the advent of cotton thread in
the 1930’s, dresses became richly embroidered with cross-stitch using
geometric patterns similar to the village embroidery.
chest piece was embroidered on a separate piece of cloth then stitched to the
dress. The sleeves, side panels, back panel were embroidered on the fabric. The
front of a Bedouin dress was also embroidered, something never found in village
dresses. Also, distinct to this area’s dresses is
the line of satin-stitch arou
Bedouin dresses are predominantly
embroidered in red color. Marital status of the Bedouin women determined the
color of the embroidery. Married women wore dresses embroidered in red and
unmarried women embroidered in blue.
In the hills east of
Bethlehem Bedouins wore an enormously long dress unique to tribes such as the
Ta’amreh and Obaidiyyeh. The dress had a very long pointed sleeves and its
size was attributed to comfort.
The embroidered motifs were unique to this
area and included geometric patterns that predated European copy-book designs.
Such patterns included diamond shapes, stars, diagonal cross patterns, branches
and vertical zig-zag patterns. Diagonal cross patterns were also found on
Bedouin festive veils.
The Bedouin veils (qun’ah)
are long and made of the same fabric as the dresses. The embroidery is usually
with red and orange color cotton thread using the same patterns as those
embroidered on the dress.
Under the veil, a headdress,
embroidered with cotton thread in cross-stitch and decorated with shells, coral,
beads and coins. The back flap of such a headdress is also embroidered with
cotton cross-stitch and decorated with beads, shells and other items.
Married Bedouin women wear a striking face
ornament called (Burqu) embroidered in cross-stitch and decorated with beads and
two rows of coins suspended from it on both sides of the face.
Bedouin women wore a variety of silver
bracelets, necklaces, choker (kirdan)
and amber beads necklaces. Palestinian jewelry was influenced by migrating
silversmiths who came from Syria, Arabia, Yemen, Armenia. Centers of such
jewelry manufacturing sites were Bethlehem, Nablus, Jerusalem, Gaza and Beer Es
Sabe. Bead necklaces were very popular in the Bedouin population and consisted
of coral, amber, glass and silver. Later in the 1930s, people started using gold
jewelry which gradually replaced silver.