The Jaffa Region
from this region was the Beit Dajan village dress. As in Ramallah, Beit Dajan
women wore heavily embroidered dresses, cross-stitched with multi color
silk thread on white or black hand woven fabric. Dresses from Beit Dajan
and the neighboring villages in the Jaffa and Lydda regions were also
embroidered with the famous Bethlehem couching stitch known as Rasheq. This
couching style embroidery was brought to Beit
Dajan by visiting Bethlehem women and later was adopted by villages like
Safriyyeh, Deir Tarif, Beit Nabala and others.
decorating the Beit Dajan dress included the famous cypress tree, necklace,
lamp, citrus flower, feathers, almond branch (Irq al-loz),
Irq al-nafnuf and moon, all embroidered in either cross stitch with silk
thread or Rasheq with metallic silver thread.
The Beit Dajan Jallayeh, made of black linen
fabric, is opened in the front and embellished with lavish patchwork
made from taffeta fabric. The
jillayeh was an essential part of the bride's trousseaus. Motifs
embroidered on the jallahey were similar to those embroiered on the
white dress and cross-stitched in silk thread. Being items from the mid
nineteenth century, and before the advent of the Bethlehem couching stitch
to the area, most jallayehs known have no Bethlehem couching stitch
embroidery.In the early part of the
twentieth century, jillayehs went out of fashion but remained worn by
older women who already owned them.
Jillayehs were often ornamented with aplique'
patches, inserts and trimmings in taffeta (heremzi), satin
and velvet. Red, green and orange taffeta panels were inserted on the sleeves,
skirt sides, hems, cuffs and skirt front.
the outgoing jillayeh was the Na'ani dress named after the Al Na'ani
village south of Beit Dajan. It included more intricate
and fine embroidery
with new motifs embroidered on the dress such as the nafnuf branch found embroidered
on the dress and the chestpiece.
The headdress used in the Beit Dajan area was the saffeh,
also popular in other villages in the Jaffa
region. It was embroidered with cross-stitch and embellished with a row of
coins called saffeh. The saffeh
The late nineteenth early twentieth century veils in
this area were made of three panels of hand woven fabric joined length-way and embroidered in cross-stitch with
colorful silk thread that complemented the colors of the dress using
typical motifs from the area. A multi-colored tasseled silk fringe is attached
at the lower end of the veil.
Another type of veil used in this area was
the red veil (shanbar ahmar) or black veil (shanbar aswad)
made of black silk crepe with a panel of silk embroidery, and band with fringe
and tassels. Muslin scarf (mandil) printed with flowers later replaced
this shanbar. Eventually, a Rayon veil that became popular in the
Ramallah and Jerusalem regions replaced the mandil.
Girdles used in this area were zunnar maqruneh,
and zunnar kashmiri (Ishdad) made of yellow striped red atlas