Men's attire in Palestine were similar to those worn
in Greater Syria (Lebanon, Palestine, Syria and Jordan) with minor regional
differences in style within each region and sometime within each community.
Men's clothing were simpler compared to the richly
decorated women dresses and included, a shirt (thob), an overcoat, a jacket,
waistcoat, pants, belt and finally a head wear.
In the nineteenth century, the thob was man's
basic attire, that was made from white or blue cotton or fine natural wool. Over
the thob, men wore a coat called qumbaz, with long narrow sleeves,
colored plain and striped cottons and Syrian silks. The finest coats were worn by grooms for their
wedding and were made
of white roza or ghabani silk.
Over the thob
and qumbaz men wore an overcoat
called abayeh made of coarse hand woven wool that protected the wearer against
rain and cold. In the nineteenth century, abayehs were made from blue and white
and later from brown and white striped wool. More luxurious
abayeh were made of
fine wool in black, brown or cream with embroidery around the neck in gold or
Jackets and waistcoats
Over the thob, men wore a jacket (damer) and
a waistcoat (sidriyeh), that were made of
cotton or satin, . The long sleeve
jacket was worn
over the sidriyeh.
Along with the qumbaz, village men started wearing
baggy pants (sirwal) made of white, black or blue cotton fabric. The pants were
tight on the lower leg and wide at the waist.
men wore a leather (Iqshat) or a wool-woven
striped multicolor belt with leather trimmings and buckle fastenings. Some belts
in the Hebron area would be decorated with taffeta and embroidery and worn for
Head wear used in Palestine varied from region to
region, and village to village. Several head wear were popular in Palestine,
including the hatta and agal used mainly in villages and small towns, turban
made from Syrian fabrics of either cotton and silk in different colors, and the tarbush.
The Bedouins in the southern region differed from
villagers and townspeople by their hattas (kafiyyeh) and aqal under which a
white cotton scull cap taqiyeh was worn. Hattas were made of cotton, silk or
fine wool in various colors (red on white, black on white).
left: Nicola Munayyer (Abu Touma), Yousef Issa Munayyer, Issa "Rizek" Munayyer,
Elias Farah Munayyer, Gabi Toufik Munayyer and little Sumyia Yousef Issa
Munayyer (Lydda, early 1950s)
In the early twentieth century, men used to go
barefoot or wore simple shoes of brown, yellow or red leather. Bedouins
walked barefoot or wore sandals.
left: Haj Mustafa Al Naqib wearing laffeh,
with Costa Argiropolus, Lydda, early 1950s